Why is there still a migrant crisis in Europe? (audio)

I had the honour to be interviewed for BBC Radio 4’s The Briefing Room, explaining how a migrant would use a smuggler to get from West Africa to the Mediterranean. It was super to also hear the commentary of Mattia Toaldo of the European Council on Foreign Relations, as well as two other experts from IOM…

Libya: a patchwork state sewn together along trafficking lines

A series of airstrikes over the course of April 2017 in and around the town of Sebha in southwestern Libya have not made the international news.  But for Libyans they are extremely noteworthy.  Firstly, because they are the first airstrikes to target Sebha, the capital of the Libya’s Fezzan region, since the ‘liberation’ of Libya in 2011.  Secondly,…

Illicit Flows and Local Conflict Dynamics

Mark Shaw and I were very pleased to be able to contribute to a UN University lead research series on the “Crime-Conflict Nexus“, with an outstanding set of co-authors, including John de Boer, James Cockayne and Louise Bosetti from UNU; Vanda Felbab-Brown from the Brookings Institute, and Sasha Jesperson from RUSI. Our two papers were…

People smuggling in Libya: You can’t bomb away a problem of economics

Europe seems to think force and arms are the solution to reducing people smuggling in the volatile and fluid Libya. Even Gaddafi knew better. Photo credit: Mark Shaw, Misrata 2012 Back in 2010, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi famously declared that if it weren’t for his rule in Libya, Europe would “turn black” with the “advance of millions of immigrants”.…